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Historic part of Quebec City, which was founded in 1608. The upper part, referred to as 'Upper Town' (Haute-ville) is walled with ramparts and makes Québec the only remaining walled city north of México in North America. The lower part of the old city, referred to as 'Lower Town' (Basse-ville), contains the historic church Notre-Dame des Victoires (1687) and lots of shopping in very old buildngs. A few buildings are 17th century vintage and many buildings date from the mid-eighteenth century. The prevailing architectural styles are British and also French, and in particular, representative of village architecture from western France (Brittany, Aquitaine, etc.) during the same period. There are not many cities in Canada that have an architecture as diverse as Québec City. No fewer than
11 architectural styles
from the 17th century to modern times have been identified in Québec City. The stone buildings are enlivened by brighttly coloured metal roofs and signs, not uncommon in cities that need coping with long, all-white winters.