The various indigenous civilizations in Oaxaca, fused with Spanish and other European influences, has created a vibrant mestizo culture that places great emphasis on the arts. The richness and quality of local hand-made crafts attract many visitors to the city. The various products, such as leatherwork, tin ware, pottery, textiles, tapestries and jewelry, all reflect the history and traditions of Oaxacan people.

The history of Oaxaca can be seen in the 4000 archaeological sites around the area. Monte Albán and Mitla are two that have garnered worldwide fame for answering many questions about the Zapotec and Mixotec people, but other sites also worth a visit include Yagul, Lambiteco and Dainzú.
More recently, the Spanish have also left their mark on Oaxaca in the form of churches and convents. Most of these date from the 16th century and belonged to such religious orders as the Caminos de la Cruz (Roads of the Cross) and the Dominicans.
To honor the contributions of all the cultures that have left a mark on Oaxaca, several modern-day museums have been built. The most important one is the Museum of the Cultures, which features many valuable artifacts of the Mixotec and Zapotec people. Oaxaca also celebrates its culture through festivals such as The Day of the Dead, The Night of the Radishes and La Guelaguetza .