The Temple of a Thousand Pillars was destroyed by the Portuguese in the early part of the seventeenth century where upon they established the Fort of Triquillimalea, a key strategic position overlooking the Bay of Triquillimalea (later Dutch Bay or Baay Van Trincoenmale) and the Eastern Province coast up to Uppuveli and beyond to Nilaveli. The Dutch subsequently conquered the position and rebuilt the fortification and renamed it Fort Fredrick in 1665. There was much disquiet between the Dutch, French and German interests relating to the fortification until peace, law and order was established in 1795 and the Capture of Trincomalee by the British until Ceylon independence in 1948. Colonel Arthur Wellesley, later the 1st Duke of Wellington was stationed at Fort Frederick in 1800. He lived in Wellesley Lodge which has a long veranda where Colonel Wellesley was able to view Dutch Bay and two gun positions. In the ground floor there is a tethering chain which is still secured into the wall, where Colonel Wellesley tied his horse before it was taken back to the stables. Wellesley Lodge is out of bounds to the general public, but may be seen from the public road that leads to the Koneswaram Temple, it is now the Officers' Mess. Inside Fort Frederick you are able to see the garrison buildings being well looked after by the resident 2nd (Volunteer) battalion of the Gajaba Regiment, Sri Lankan Army. There is an Army Welfare Cafe that is very much like a British NAFFI where you can buy food, drink and military odds and sods on the public road.
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