The Jewish District of Krakow - Kazimierz has a deeper meaning and implications than it seems at the first sight. It has a psychological, sociological and historical, simply a cultural significance. There are people in contemporary Poland who openly admit knowing nothing or little about Judaism. To understad this phenomenon one would need to study extensively history after 1945 in Poland. We need now to educate people, Europeans in general, about the Jewish contribution to the European culture in general and Polish culture in particular. In the past there were cases such as the one of a Prague writer Otto Weininger, a Jew, who having written a book accusing the Jew of corrupting European culture, committed suicide. As oppisite to this, the trend at the moment is to study the Jewish contribution to the European culture and to examine the problems of the Jewish-non-Jewish coexistance in the past as seen by the non-Jewish world and the Jewry. The stigma of the Jewish difference contributed to the almost complete obliteration of the Jewish culture. Fortunately, today we can see the Jewish cultural expression in Poland, as in Cracow during the Jewish Culture Festival. It is a great achivement to bring back the Jewish life in Kazimierz.
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