Nestled in the foothills of beautiful Caucasus Mountains, along the Kudyal River sits the “city” of Quba, in the Northeastern region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Throughout Azerbaijan are interesting minority groups, who live amongst the Azeri people, but add a unique twist to the rich culture that Azerbaijan offers. Quba itself has the largest population of “Mountain Jews” in Azerbaijan, in a community called Qırmızı Qəsəbə. It also has a large population of Lezgis, who hail from Dagestan, the southern region of Russia.
Quba has a long history, dating back from the Persian Empire, right through the Soviet rule. It borders the Ismailly, Shamakhi, Gabala, Gusar, Khachmaz, Devechi, Khizi regions. Today, Quba’s history is evident in some of its archeological monuments, including the temple of Fire-worshippers near Khynalyg village, tombs of Aghbil village which dates back to the 16th century, the Mosques Sakinekhanum, Hadjy Djafar and Djuma of Guba which date back to the 19th century, and the Gumbezli bath house.
Quba Rayon is known for its apples and forests, which Quba city is known for its carpets. The ancient art of carpet weaving is still prevalent in this northeastern corner of the Caucasus region. It is possible to visit one of these factories, the World of Carpets Association. In this “factory” you will find Master Weavers sitting in front of looms, hand crafting beautiful, pieces of art from naturally died wools and silks. The craft is still being done here, the same as it was hundreds of years ago.
If you go to Quba, you must stop by the Carpet factory for a free tour and sneak peek into the ancient art of carpet weaving. You will also find the proprietors daughter, Aygun, speaks fantastic English and can help with arrangements in Quba. They also currently have an American Peace Corps Volunteer working there part time, who is happy to help with questions. An authentic carpet makes a great gift to take home!