I found detailed data which corrects my former information.
1. Meitetsu Line from Chubu Airport to Nagoya Station. (dep time at Chubu - arrive time at Nagoya Sta)
2. Shinkansen time table. (dep time from Nagoya Station)
22:54 (the last train)
3. Train station at Chubu airport is just a few minute walk from the exit of the custom.
4. In Nagoya Station area you need ten (10) to fifteen(15) minutes to change trains from Meitetsu Line to Shinkansen. You have to walk a bit.
5. The time table for Meitetsu Line can be found in:
6. Conclusion. It is surely possible. If I am a busy businessman, I might choose this schedule. But, I still do not advise this schedule for those who are not accustomed to Japan.