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History and Architecture along the Avenida de Mayo

Historic Highlights from the Congresso to Plaza de Mayo
Rating: 5 out of 5 by EveryTrail members
Difficulty: Easy
Length: 1.6 miles
Duration: 1-3 hours

Overview:  The Avenida de Mayo connects the National Congress building with the Plaza de Mayo and Casa Rosada, and was named in honor of the May ... more »

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Points of Interest

The Argentine National Congress building stands opposite the Casa Rosada on the other end of the Avenida de Mayo. The building is bicameral with a 72-seat Senate and a 257-seat Chamber of Deputies.

The building was designed by Italian Vittorio Meano and completed by Argentine Julio Dormal in 1906, but the final details were not completed until... More

The Plaza in front of the Congress building was inaugurated in 1910 and remains a popular place for political protests and rallies, with many marches starting at the Plaza de Mayo continuing along the Avenida de Mayo and ending here. On an average day, you may see several different marches along the Avenida de Mayo for various causes.

In this... More

3. Avenida de Mayo

The Avenida de Mayo connects the National Congress building with the Plaza de Mayo and Casa Rosada, and was named in honor of the May Revolution of 1810 which lead to Argentina's independence from Spain.
It is difficult not to compare this grand thoroughfare to other great boulevards around such world, such as those in Paris, Madrid, and... More

The Palacio Barolo was designed by Italian architect Mario Palanti who finished the building in 1923. Palanti was strongly inspired by Dante's Divine Comedy and built in many allusions to show his admiration for the famous poet. The 22 floors are divided into 3 sections, representing the three books of the Divine Comedy: the Inferno/Hell (the... More

5. Avenida 9 de Julio

This extremely wide road honors Argentina's Independence day (July 9, 1816), and is claimed to be the widest road in all the world (this isn't true, but don't let a Porteno hear you say that). At this intersection you can see the road honoring the start of the revolution and the and the beginning of independence. At its widest point, it was... More

Cafe Tortoni was opened in 1858 and moved to its present-day location in 1880. Its main entrance was on the other side of the building until the Avenida de Mayo entrance was opened in 1898 and redecorated.

This cafe has attracted many famous people over the years, with Jorge Luis Borges--the famous Argentine writer--being one of the most-cited... More

7. Peru Subte Station

The A line was not only the first subway line in Buenos Aires, but the first in all of South America. Today you can take a trip to the past by visiting the famous Peru station which has been restored as the original station once looked with wooden columns and colorful paintings on the walls. The old wooden cars are very well preserved and... More

The Plaza de Mayo (May Square) is the main square in downtown Buenos Aires and named after the revolution of May 25, 1810 that led to independence in 1816.

In colonial times, this area was used as the Plaza de Armas for military exercises, and has always been a significant place for politics and history in Buenos Aires.

The plaza was home to... More

This white building on the western edge of the Plaza de Mayo was once the original government house during Buenos Aires's colonial times. This building has remained on the same plot since 1580 but has undergone several significant renovations since. Today it houses the National Museum of the Cabildo and the May Revolution, showcasing paintings,... More

Around the Piramide de Mayo you will likely see white objects painted on the ground. These write scarves represent those worn by the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo who mourn for their lost children during a dark time in Argentina's recent history.

From 1976 to 1983 Argentina experienced the Dirty War until military dictatorship. Thousands of... More

On the eastern side of the Plaza de Mayo stands the Casa Rosada (The Pink House), the presidential house of Argentina (although the President does't live here, and rarely visits).

The Casa Rosada has an interesting history: it started as a fort in 1536 before the city was founded in 1580. The fort was altered and replaced throughout the years... More

The Metropolitan Cathedral is the main Catholic church in Buenos Aires and the mother church of the Archdiocese. Since its first construction it has been rebuilt and renovated several times which is quite apparent by its contrasting architectural styles; from the front it looks more like a government building than a place of worship. The nave and... More