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The Third Reich Tour

Traces of a dictatorship, World War II and the Holocaust
id_1778704
Rating: 5 out of 5 by EveryTrail members
Difficulty: Easy
Length: 3.3 miles
Duration: Half day

Overview:  The Third Reich is the common term for the state of Germany from 1933 to 1945. A dictatorship ruled by Adolf Hitler and his party, the... more »

Tips:  Getting there: Get off at bus stop Gedenkstätte Dt. Widerstand (M29) or take a 15-minute walk from Potsdamer Platz.

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Points of Interest

1. Federal Ministry of Defense + Memorial of German Resistance (Bendlerblock)

The Bendlerblock was erected between 1911 and 1914 for the Reich Navy Office. It was associated with the highest branches of the German military. During the Third Reich it housed elements of the Navy operations staff and the office for foreign affairs.

The military resistance was formed in the Bendlerblock as well. Gen. Friedrich Olbricht was... More

2. Japanese Embassy

The Japanese Embassy was planned by the architect Ludwig Moshauer and built between 1938 and 1942. Both Japan and Italy received impressive buildings with monumental architecture as a sign of the coalition between Berlin, Rome and Tokyo.

Per the plans of the Great Hall by Albert Speer, embassies in the neighborhood of the Reichstag were torn down... More

3. Italian Embassy

The Italian Embassy was designed by Friedrich Hetzeld and built between 1938 and 1941, but the buildings here were severely damaged during World War II. The embassy remained in ruins until it was rebuilt after the reunification in the 1990s.

4. Euthanasia Center

This was the headquarters of the Charitable Foundation for Cure and Institutional Care (in German: Gemeinnützige Stiftung für Heil und Anstaltspflege). People who were developmentally or physically disabled or--in the view of the Nazis--deemed to be unworthy of life, were murdered. At least 200,000 defenseless people were systematically ... More

5. People's Court

About 5,000 people were sentenced to death by the People's Court. The Judge-President Roland Freisler was the state secretary of Hitler's Reich Ministry of Justice and president of the People's Court. The entrance of the court was located here.

Between 1933 and 1945, the central institutions of Nazi persecution and terror were located on the grounds of the present-day "Topography of Terror." Since 1987, the permanent exhibition "Topography of Terror" has informed the public about this historic site.

The new Documentation Center and the redesigned historic grounds... More

7. Ministry of Aviation

The Ministry of Aviation (in German: Reichsluftfahrtministerium) was built between 1935 and 1945 and designed by Ernst Sagebiel, who also designed the airport Tempelhof. It was one of the first building projects of the Nazi government. With 2,000 rooms, it hosted the administration of the German Air Force (in German: Deutsche Luftwaffe). The... More

8. Underground Station: U Mohrenstraße

During WW II this station was destroyed, but it reopened in 1950 and was renamed from Kaiserhof to Thälmannplatz.

Why is this station on a tour of the Third Reich? The red marble on the inside walls was taken from the former Mosaic Hall of the (New) Reichs Chancellery, from which Adolf Hitler ruled.

When the GDR erected the Berlin Wall in ... More

9. New Reich Chancellery

Albert Speer, the favorite architect of Adolf Hitler, built the New Reich Chancellery in three year. Finished in 1939, the building measured 421 meters long and was meant to represent Hitler's power and the importance of the new capital. The chancellery was a key part of the plans for the new city, named Germania. From this vantage point, you are ... More

There is only a hint of the location of the Führer Bunker. Here, 12 meters below ground level, are the 4-meter-thick side walls and ceiling that served as Hitler's bunker. You will find an information board with a map of the ground floor of the structure.

The bunker was the last command center of the Third Reich. It is here that Adolf Hitler... More

This site serves as a memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe, ordered by a resolution of the German Bundestag in 1999.

The memorial consists of a field of 2,711 stelae (tombstones) and an information center underneath. It was designed by architect Peter Eisenman and opened in May 2005.

The memorial sits in the same spot where the death strip... More

The Brandenburg Gate is the representative entrance to the historical part of Berlin. The gate is a sandstone structure erected between 1788 and 1791; it was designed by architect Carl Gotthard Langhans. In 1794 the gate was "crowned" with the sculpture quadriga and the goddess of victory, created by Johann Gottfried Shadow.

When the... More

The first Soviet war memorial in Berlin was erected in November 1945. It is located precisely at the point where Albert Speer (main architect of the Third Reich) planned the cross of two axes. The east-west axe you see here starts at the Brandenburg Gate and continues the other way behind the victory column. It is around 6.5 miles (10 kilometers) ... More

The Reichstag was designed by architect Paul Wallot and built between 1884 and 1894 in the style of the Italian High Renaissance. It served as seat of parliament in the Kaiserreich and the Weimarer Republic. In 1933, a fire of unknown origin destroyed the plenary chamber. It is unclear whether it was an accident or set by national socialists to... More