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Amphitheatre of Serdica

Address: 2 - 4 Budapeshta Street | at the Arena di Serdica Residence Hotel, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
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81%
Ranked #26 of 58 Attractions in Sofia
Type: Historic Sites, Cultural
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Owner description: In the past Serdica was the capital of the eastern province of Dacia Mediterranea - part of the Great Roman Empire. It was an important commercial and political centre, large and well developed city, built in a Roman style with large stone streets, a forum, beautiful temples and impressive buildings with magnificent decorations.In 2004 during the construction works in the city center of Sofia unexpectedly came across a part of a Roman wall. Archaeological excavations immediately started – thus the Amphitheatre of Serdica (Amphiteatrum Serdicense) was discovered! This is a monumental public building with an elliptical layout and an arena in the middle, elliptically surrounded by the tiered seats for the spectators. The great number of coins and pottery discovered enabled the researchers to identify two periods in III-IV century. During the research on the site it became evident that about 5 meters under the amphitheatre there is a theatre, built in II-III century, i.e. 100 years earlier. A unique complex combining ancient amphitheatre and theatre was discovered. These are the largest buildings from the age of ancient Serdica, evidencing its heyday during the centuries. The finding was declared unique and the discovery - unmatched in the world!The Arena of Serdica is 60.5 m long and 43 m wide. However, the Amphitheatre of Serdica is the only one in the world, combining a Roman theatre and a late antique amphitheatre in one place and the only such public building in the Balkans. This makes the site truly unique and the discovery - sensational. It is a fact that no other capital or even city in the world can boast a theatre and amphitheatre together and located in its very centre. Its construction began during the reign of the Emperor Diocletian and was completed by the Emperor Constantine the Great.Interesting Facts:- The first evidence for the existence of an amphitheatre with arena for fights is a stone plate found in 1919 near the present-day building of the Council of Ministers. It is assumed that it served as an “advertising banner” at the entrance of the ancient Serdica. Nowadays it is preserved and is on display in the Archaeological Museum in Sofia.- The plate reveals images of lions, tigers, bulls, crocodiles, which took part in combat with Gladiators. The Christians persecuted at this time were thrown to the wild beasts for the amusement of the spectators. The excavations revealed teeth of bear.- The amphitheatre was located outside the fortress walls of the ancient town and now it is located in the centre of Sofia.- Its walls have been preserved in their actual form and the combat arena is covered with sand as it was in the past. The origin of the word “arena” is from the Latin word for sand “harena”. The sand was selected as the most suitable material to absorb the blood of the victims.- When standing in the ruins of the amphitheatre and looking up at the street level, it becomes evident how ages and nature have deposited a new layer of about 12 m between the town of Serdika from III century and the modern city.- The walls of the amphitheatre and the sectors with seats were about 5 floors high and correspond to the level of the nowadays Moskovska Street. About 25,000 spectators gathered on the site. Its opposite end is found to be near the Youth Theatre on Dondukov Blvd.- 7 stone seats for spectators are preserved and placed in their original locations.- Here the dressing rooms of the actors involved in theatrical performances can be seen, as well as the entrance of the east gate, where the chariots passed during the gladiatorial combat.- Clad in metal and leather, people from all over the empire used to die or gain their freedom on the arena.Besides the metallic clink of weapons, the ruins remembered recitations of poets and orators, virtuoso performances of musicians and actors, exalted cheers of spectators.- Clay tiles still bear the footprints of animals - goats, dogs, cats, immortalized their traces in the uncured slabs of the ancient builders.A dwelling and a furnace dated V-VI century and a well dated IV-V century were also discovered.Superstructures built during the age of the Ottoman Empire were found, as well as coins and pottery from this period. Legends about the Emperor Diocletian – the creator of the Amphitheatre of Serdica - Diocletian was characterized with his lust for power, serious and pensive look, as if contemplating great deals. It had been predicted that he would reach the supreme power after killing a boar, so he repeatedly went hunting. - When seized power, Diocletian reserved for himself the eastern empire and the position of senior co-emperor. He took the name Jovius – from the name of god Jove, Jupiter. - Diocletian first introduced as mandatory the complex royal ceremonies followed by almost all the emperors after him, aimed at enhancing the power and limiting the access to the autocrats deified while still alive. - After the solemn abdication of Diocletian - the only emperor who retired voluntarily - it turns out that it was only his authority that protected the Tetrarchy from collapsing. - Diocletian spent the last years of his life in his huge palace, which was built near his hometown of Aspalatos (today's city of Split) in Dalmatia. According to legend, when some messengers came to him with a request to return to power again, he replied to them that “if they knew what vegetables he himself grew in his garden, they would never ask him to become the Emperor again”.

Hotels near Amphitheatre of Serdica

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English first
London, United Kingdom
Senior Contributor
28 reviews 28 reviews
18 attraction reviews
13 helpful votes 13 helpful votes
5 of 5 stars Reviewed October 24, 2014

The archaeological dig appears to be ongoing, but the remains are recognisably Roman. One day when it is completed, it is going to make a very impressive display with plenty to be learned about Roman life in the area. Another great stopover for the history and architecture buff.

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Adelaide
Top Contributor
76 reviews 76 reviews
30 attraction reviews
26 helpful votes 26 helpful votes
4 of 5 stars Reviewed August 7, 2014

It's hard to know what to think of this small piece of history preserved in the lower floor of a modern hotel. It's definitely fascinating and obviously only a part of the whole amphitheatre that once graced ancient Sofia. I guess I'm used to explanation boards that detail what you are looking at and how it used to look when... More

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Stocksbridge, United Kingdom
Senior Contributor
43 reviews 43 reviews
36 attraction reviews
15 helpful votes 15 helpful votes
4 of 5 stars Reviewed March 19, 2014

Recommended by the visitor center lady it was little difficult to find but worth it! For the traveler it appears you are entering a rather nice hotel, and that is where it is. The staff are very friendly and direct you to where it is (although it is rather easy to spot) It wasn't busy at all when we visited,... More

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Astana, Kazakhstan
Top Contributor
80 reviews 80 reviews
34 attraction reviews
29 helpful votes 29 helpful votes
5 of 5 stars Reviewed January 26, 2014

This fascinating and well-preserved 3rd Century AD Roman Amphitheatre was discovered in 2004 during preliminary construction of what is now the Arena de Serdica Residence Hotel in the midst of Sofia. Originally this was an oval, approximately 60 x 43 meters, only a few meters less than the famous Roman Coliseum. Now, 18 Centuries later, guests are welcome from 9:00... More

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Papamoa, New Zealand
Contributor
18 reviews 18 reviews
14 attraction reviews
6 helpful votes 6 helpful votes
3 of 5 stars Reviewed September 15, 2013

Hard to find.- down a little side street, in the centre of town, but fascinating when you get there.

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Atlanta
Senior Contributor
40 reviews 40 reviews
30 attraction reviews
19 helpful votes 19 helpful votes
4 of 5 stars Reviewed July 10, 2013

Sofia is full of ancient Roman and other cultural ruins, and you can see some of them in the Arena Hotel. Apparently they found the ruins of an amphitheater when building the hotel and decided to preserve the ruins by building the hotel around the ruins and keeping them on display. You don't have to stay in the hotel to... More

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Spokane, Washington, United States
Top Contributor
56 reviews 56 reviews
30 attraction reviews
32 helpful votes 32 helpful votes
5 of 5 stars Reviewed July 5, 2013

The Metro is built in and around the amphitheater and the ruins are interesting. I am glad that they chose to do it in such a way that most of the ruins are exposed and free to visit.

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Madrid, Spain
Senior Reviewer
10 reviews 10 reviews
10 attraction reviews
2 helpful votes 2 helpful votes
5 of 5 stars Reviewed December 29, 2012

The City is full of roman ancient ruins that are a must-see, most of them are in the open air, you can walk around then and take pictures for free!

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